FOR RELEASE TUESDAY NOVEMBER 15, 2005
MURRAY HILL, N.J. - Lucent Technologies (NYSE: LU) Bell Labs
today announced that Bell Labs researcher Dennis Ritchie, co-inventor of the
UNIX® operating system, has received the 2005 Industrial Research Institute
(IRI) Achievement Award.
Established in 1973, the award honors outstanding accomplishments in individual
creativity and innovation that contribute broadly to the development of
industry and to the benefit of society.
"Dennis has had immeasurable impact on the computing world with the UNIX®
operating system and programming language inventions," said Rod Alferness,
senior vice president of Research for Bell Labs. "Much of the software
running today's personal computers and the Internet at large uses technology
that Ritchie invented or co-invented."
Ritchie joined Bell Labs in 1968, focusing his research on the design of
computer languages and operating systems. After contributing to the MULTICS
time-shared operating system in the 1960's, he and Bell Labs researcher Ken
Thompson created UNIX® - the operating system of most large Internet servers,
businesses and universities, and a major part of academic and industrial
research in operating systems - in 1969. Later Ritchie designed and implemented
the C Language for use on the UNIX® operating system. Prized for its
efficiency, C has since spread to many other operating systems and is one of
the most widely used programming languages for both system software and
Ritchie's current research at Bell Labs focuses on further refining the
standards and technologies for the C software language. The goal of this
research is to increase the reliability and security of this software to the
point that it is not only ideal for all sorts of commercial applications but
can be relied on to operate in long-term unattended environments such as
unmanned space exploration.
Ritchie holds an undergraduate degree in physics, as well as masters and
doctoral degrees in applied mathematics from Harvard University. He has been
jointly awarded the ACM Turing Award, the IEEE Emmanuel Piore Award, the
Richard W. Hamming Medal, and the U.S. Medal of Technology. Ritchie is a member
of the National Academy of Engineering.
Former IRI honorees from Bell Labs include James E. West, who was chosen in
1998 for his work on the invention and development of the foil-electret
microphone, an innovation whose ruggedness, superior quality, and low cost have
made it the dominant commercial microphone worldwide.
The Industrial Research Institute (IRI) comprises leaders in research and
development (R&D) working together to enhance the effectiveness of
technological innovation in industry.
About Bell Labs and Lucent Technologies
Bell Labs is the leading source of new communications technologies and has been
for 80 years. It has generated more than 31,000 patents since 1925 and has
played a pivotal role in inventing or perfecting key communications
technologies, including transistors, digital networking and signal processing,
lasers and fiber-optic communications systems, communications satellites,
cellular telephony, electronic switching of calls, touch-tone dialing, and
modems. Bell Labs scientists have received six Nobel Prizes in Physics, nine
U.S. National Medals of Science and eight U.S. National Medals of Technology.
For more information about Bell Labs, visit its Web site at http://www.bell-labs.com.
Lucent Technologies designs and delivers the systems, services and software
that drive next-generation communications networks. Backed by Bell Labs
research and development, Lucent uses its strengths in mobility, optical,
software, data and voice networking technologies, as well as services, to
create new revenue-generating opportunities for its customers, while enabling
them to quickly deploy and better manage their networks. Lucent's customer base
includes communications service providers, governments and enterprises
worldwide. For more information on Lucent Technologies, which has headquarters
in Murray Hill, N.J., USA, visit http://www.lucent.com.
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